بررسی نقش اخلاق کار بررفتار سازمانی مثبت بر مبنای مدل فرد لوتانز (CHOSE) (مطالعه موردی گروه 22 توپخانه شهرضا)

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی (استادیار)واحد دهاقان،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،دهاقان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت دولتی ،واحد دهاقان،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،دهاقان،ایران

چکیده

به دلایل ضعف مدیریتی و بهره گیری از الگوهای غیرانسانی برای حل مسائل انسانی یکی از مشکلاتی که امروزه کارکنان با آن مواجه­اند مشکلات اخلاقی است. در سال­های اخیر در واکنش به این وضعیت سازمان ها استراتژی هایی چون تدوین ضوابط اخلاقی برای هدایت کارکنان در پیش گرفته اند. سازمان ها امیدوارند تا از این طریق سلامت اخلاقی سازمان را افزایش و فساد را کاهش دهند. علاوه بر ایجاد و ساخت رفتارهای اخلاقی، یکی دیگر از چالش های موجود در سازمان ها فراهم کردن جوی است که باعث تقویت رفتارهای مثبت در بین کارکنان گردد که فرد لوتانز از این رفتارهای مثبت به نام رفتار سازمانی مثبت یاد می کند که مرتبط با اصول اخلاقی موجود در سازمان ها است. در این مقاله پنج بعد اساسی رفتار سازمانی مثبت شامل اعتماد به نفس، امید، خوش­بینی، آرامش ذهن و هوش احساسی و تأثیر آن بر اخلاق کار مورد بررسی قرارگرفته است، نتایج حاصل از تجزیه و تحلیل داده­های آماری نشان می­دهد که ضریب همبستگی در سطح  05/0 P≤ بین مولفه­های پنج­گانه فوق و اخلاق کار رابطه معنی­داری وجود دارد، همچنین تجزیه و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه نشان می­دهد، مولفه دلبستگی به کار به تنهایی 35 درصد واریانس خوش­بینی، آرامش ذهنی و هوش احساسی را تبیین می­نماید، میزان تأثیر اخلاق کار بر رفتار سازمانی مثبت در سطح 05/0 P≤ معنی­دار و برابر 74 درصد می­باشد. در پایان پیشنهادات کاربردی نیز ارایه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of Work Ethics on the Positive Organizational Behavior Based on Fred Luthans’s Model (CHOSE) (Case study: Group22, Shahreza Artillery)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza shirvani 1
  • Farzad Sisakhti 2
1 Assistant Professor of Islamic Azad University of Dehaghan, Dehaghan, Iran
2 Master of Public Administration, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dehaghan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Due to managerial weakness and the use of non-human models to solve human issues, one of the problems that employees are faced with today is the problem of work ethics. In recent years, in reaction to this situation, organizations have proceeded with strategies such as compiling moral criteria in order to guide the employees. They hope to increase the moral health and to reduce corruption in the organizations in this way. In addition to creating and developing ethical behavior, another challenge in organizations is providing an atmosphere that will encourage positive behavior among the employees, which Fred Luthans refers to as positive organizational behavior related to the existing ethics in the organizations. In the present research, five basic dimensions of positive organizational behavior includig self-confidence, hope, optimism, peace of mind and emotional intelligence, and their effect on Work ethics have been studied. The results of the statistical data analysis show that the correlation coefficient of p<=0.05 indicates a significant relationship between the five dimensions of positive organizational behavior and Work ethics. Further more, the multi-variate regression analysis shows that the component of inlerest in job alone accounts for 35 percent of optimism, peace of mind, and emotional intelligence. The rate of the effect of Work ethics on positive organizational behavior at the significance level of p<=0.05 is meaningful and equals 74 percent. Finally, the paper presents some practical suggestions.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Work Ethics
  • Positive Organizational Behavior
  • CHOSE model
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