توسعه شبکه‌های بین ‌بنگاهی راهکار به‌کارگیری ظرفیت بلااستفاده بنگاه‌های کوچک و متوسط تولیدی: ارائه نظریه داده بنیاد

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، اقتصاد، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار، مدیریت، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران،

3 دکترا، مدیریت بازاریابی، معاون صنایع کوچک سازمان صنایع کوچک و شهرکهای صنعتی ایران،

4 دانشجوی دکتری، مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، تدوین مدل بکارگیری ظرفیت بلااستفاده بنگاه­های کوچک و متوسط تولیدی است، که برای این منظور از روش تحقیق «نظریه داده بنیاد» استفاده شده است. داده­های کیفی جمع­آوری شده ازطریق مصاحبه بامدیران بنگاه­ها و خبرگان و همچنین مطالعه مستندات مرتبط، طی مراحل سه­گانه کدگذاری باز، محوری و گزینشی مورد تحلیل قرارگرفته و مدل تحقیق تدوین گردید. بنابر نتایج تحقیق، هم عوامل سطح ملی و هم عوامل سطح بنگاه بر بلااستفاده ماندن ظرفیت تولیدی مؤثرند. همچنین بکارگیری ظرفیت­های بلااستفاده، مستلزم ایجاد و توسعه شبکه­های بین­بنگاهی است؛ تا از این طریق امکان واگذاری ظرفیت بلااستفاده به سایر بنگاه­ها فراهم آید. بنابراین، می‏بایست هم‌زمان استراتژی‏های سطح ملی بسترسازی و حمایت از توسعه شبکه­های بین ­بنگاهی و استراتژی‏های سطح رشته صنعت ایجاد شبکه­های بین­بنگاهی اجرایی شوند. اما عوامل محیطی مانند قوانین و مقررات، عوامل اقتصادی،عوامل فرهنگی و عوامل سیاسی، بر موفقیت استراتژی­های حمایت از به­کارگیری ظرفیت­های بلااستفاده بسیار تأثیرگذارند. پیامدهای به‏کارگیری ظرفیت بلااستفاده بنگاه­ها نیز در دو سطح کلان و سطح بنگاه قابل شناسایی هستند. اشتغال‌زایی با صرف هزینه و زمان بسیار کمتر، اجتناب از تبعات بیکاری و افزایش بهره­وری ملی ازجمله مهم­ترین منافع کلان به‏کارگیری ظرفیت­های بلااستفاده است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing trans-institutional networks, the procedure for the use of untapped small and medium instilution (SMEs) capacity: Presenting the grounded data theory

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Nazari 1
  • Tahmores Hasangholi pour 2
  • Gholam reza Soleymani 3
  • Seyed Mojtaba i Mousavi Neghab 4
چکیده [English]

Presently, the production capacity of many small and medium
institution are untapped. This leads to the reduction of productivity and
competitive power both at national and institutional level. Thus, the
objective of this study was to codify a model to make use of these
untapped capacities. To do so, the research method of grounded theory
was used. To gather the data, the managers of the institutions and experts
were interviewed. The related documentaries through the three phasic of
coding i.e. open, axial and selective were analyzed. The result showed
that both national and institutional level factors effected the untapped
production capacity. Using untapped capacities requires the formation
and development of trans-institutional networks, so as the possibility of
transferring untapped capacities to other institutions be provided.
Therefore, the national level strategies and support for trans-institution
networks and the strategies of industry level should be simultaneously
implemented. But the environmental factors such as law and order,
economical, cultural, political factors affect the success of using
untapped capacities. The outcomes of using untapped capacities would
be obvious on both macro and micro level, such as creating jobs,
avoiding unemployment, and increasing national productivity for macro
and on micro-level, cost and benefit for employers and contractors could
be mentioned

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Trans-institutional networks
  • untapped capacity
  • small and medium institutions
  • Manufacturing
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