تأثیر فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات بر شاخص‌های بهبود فضای کسب و کار کشورها (مکانیزمی جهت ارتقای بهره‌وری)

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی، گروه اقتصاد، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه اقتصاد، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

حجم پایین سرمایه­گذاری داخلی و خارجی، نرخ‌های تورم و بیکاری دو رقمی، واردات گسترده، سهم اندک درآمدهای مالیاتی از کل تولید ناخالص داخلی و جز اینها، همگی نشان دهندۀ نامناسب بودن محیط کسب و کار در کشور است و نیاز است تا با شناسایی عوامل موثر بر آن نسبت به بهبود فضای کسب و کار در کشور اقدام شود. بر همین اساس نیز هدف اصلی این تحقیق تحلیل تأثیر فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات بر شاخص­های بهبود فضای کسب و کار کشورها می­باشد. در راستای هدف اصلی مقاله ده فرضیه اصلی تدوین شده است. این تحقیق براساس هدف، از نوع تحقیقات کاربردی و توسعه­ای و براساس ماهیّت انجام کار از نوع توصیفی می­باشد. جامعه آماری این تحقیق شامل کلیه کشورهایی می­باشد که داده­های مربوط به فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات و شاخص­های فضای کسب و کار آنها به طور مشترک در پایگاه اطلاعاتی بانک جهانی موجود می­باشد. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها در این تحقیق از آزمون­های آماری کلموگروف- اسمیرنوف و آزمون رگرسیون تک و چند متغیره استفاده شده است. نتایج بررسی­ها نشان می­دهد که فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات بر شاخص­های شروع کسب و کار، ثبت و انتقال مالکیت، اشتراک برق، سهولت اخذ اعتبار و پرداخت مالیات تأثیر مثبتی دارد. همچنین تأثیر فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات بر شاخص­های اخذ مجوز ساخت، حمایت از سهامداران جزء، تجارت برون مرزی، الزام آور بودن قراردادها و شاخص ورشکستگی تأیید نشده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Information and Communication Technology on Improving the business circumstances Indicators in Countries (A mechanism to improve productivity)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kazem Amjadi 1
  • Ehsan Shafeei 2
1 department of Economic,Tabriz Branch,Islamic Azad University,Tabriz,Iran
2 department of Economic,Tabriz Branch,Islamic Azad University,Tabriz,Iran
چکیده [English]

Low foreign and domestic investment, double digit inflation and
unemployment rates, massive imports, small share of total tax revenues
to GDP. Are all indicants of inappropriate business circumstances in the
country? There is a need to distinguish the effective factors to improve
these circumstances. In regard to the main aim of the study, ten
hypotheses have been proposed. The research method was an applied
descriptive survey. The population of the study consisted of all the
countries which their data related to ICT and business circumstances
indicators are in common with the World Bank data base. The results of
the study showed that ICT had a positive effect on starting a business,
registering and transferring properties, subscription electricity, getting
credit and paying tax easily. The effect of ICT on construction licensee,
backing the small share holders, extraterritorial business, binding bonds
and bankruptcy have not been verified

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • ICT
  • starting a business
  • registering & transferring properties
  • subscription electricity
  • Getting credit
  • paying tax
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