طراحی الگوی اقتضایی دورکاری متناسب بافرهنگ‌های سازمانی، راه‌حلی جهت ارتقا بهره‌وری (مورد مطالعه: کارکنان و مدیران با سابقه اجرای دورکاری در بخش دولتی ایران)

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری مدیریت دولتی،گروه مدیریت دولتی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد،گروه مدیریت دولتی،واحدعلوم وتحقیقات تهران،دانشگاه آزاداسلامی،تهران،ایران)

3 استاد، گروه مدیریت دولتی، واحدعلوم و تحقیقات تهران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،تهران، ایران

چکیده

مدل و نتایج پژوهش‌های پیشین متناسب با چهار نوع فرهنگ سازمان، چهار نوع دورکاری مفروض گردیده است. ازطریق مطالعه مبانی موضوع، ابعادی که در شکل‌گیری انواع دورکاری نقش دارند به مدل مفهومی تحقیق اضافه شد و با استفاده از فن دلفی تناسب آن‌ها با شرایط سازمان‌های ایران در طی دو مرحله از خبرگان عمل‌گرا وعلمی دورکاری مورد نظرسنجی قرار گرفت. برای تخصیص شاخص‌های انواع دورکاری، با استفاده از پرسش نامه از جامعه آماری مشتمل بر افراد باسابقه دورکاری، مدیران دورکار و جامعه علمی مرتبط با حوزه دورکاری، تشابه هریک از شاخص‌های ابعاد، با انواع فرهنگ‌سازمانی مورد قضاوت قرار گرفت و داده‌های تشابه به دست آمد. داده‌های به‌دست‌آمده با استفاده از فن مقیاس‌گذاری چند بعدی از طریق نرم‌افزار SPSS مورد تحلیل قرارگرفت که چهار نوع دورکاری با استفاده از ماتریس فاصله و تعیین مختصات هر یک از شاخص‌ها روی ابعاد زیر بنایی مدل ارزش‌های رقابتی (بعدکنترل- انعطاف و تمرکز بر درون-تمرکز بر بیرون سازمان) به دست آمد. جمع‌آوری داده‌ها با پرسش نامه و نمونه‌گیری از طریق گلوله برفی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد فرهنگ‌سازمانی شیوه اجرای دورکاری را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد و دورکاری یک سازه چند بعدی است که شکل دقیق اجرای آن بستگی به موقعیت دارد. این امر ضرورت اصلاحات دورکاری در نحوه اجرا به‌منظور بهره‌گیری از مزایای آن در سازمان‌های کشور از منظری بوم شناسانه را محرز می‌نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a Teleworking Contingency Model Compatible with Organizational Culture: A Solution to Improve Productivity of Senior Executives and Executive of Telework in the Public Sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholamreza Kashani 1
  • Reza Najafbagy 2
  • Naser Mirsepassi 3
1 Ph.D. Graduate in Public Administration, Department of Public Administration, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Public Administration, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Public Administration, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Based the results of previous research studies, four types of teleworking were proposed that were assumed to be compatible with the four organizational cultures. Via a rich literature review, the factors involved in the formation of teleworking were added to the conceptual model and their congruence with the Iranian organizations were measured through two stages of pragmatic and scientific talent via the Delphi technique. The telework industry indicators were determined via a questionnaire that was administered to a snowball sample selected from the population of experienced teleworkers, teleworker managers, and the scientific community that is normally associated with teleworking. Comparison of the similarity of each aspect of the factors with types of organizational cultures supported the similarity among them.  The research data were analyzed using SPSS software and the Multidimensional Scaling Technology rendering four types of teleworking based on the distance matrix and determining the coordinates of each of the indicators on the dimensions of the model of competitive values ​​model (control dimension - flexibility and focus on intraocularization outside the organization). The results showed that organizational culture significantly influences the way teleworking works, and that teleworking is a multi-dimensional structure whose precise execution depends on the context. This implies the necessity of telecommunication modalities to be implemented in order to take advantage of the organization from an ecological point of view.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adhocracy Culture
  • Hierarchical Culture
  • Labor Force
  • Market Culture
  • Mobile Multidimensional Scaling
  • Telework
  • Tribal Culture

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