بررسی و رتبه‌بندی مؤلفه‌های سیاست های حمایتی قانونی - حقوقی‌ از حقوق مالکیت صنعتی با محوریت توسعه کارآفرینی (مورد مطالعه: کارآفرینان شهر تهران)

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای گروه کارافرینی، واحد قزوین ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین ، ایران

2 استادیار دانشکده کارافرینی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار مرکز پژوهشهای مجلس شورای اسلامی ایران

4 استادیار گروه مدیریت، واحد قزوین ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، قزوین ، ایران

5 استادیار مؤسسه مطالعات و پژوهش های بازرگانی

چکیده

سیاست های حمایت از مالکیت صنعتی، جزئی از سیاست های فن‌آورانه‌ کارآفرینی می‌باشد که ویژگی‌های سیاست های کلی کارآفرینی و کسب‌ و‌ کارهای کوچک را دارا می‌باشد. ‌این سیاست ها عموماً به نفع کارآفرینان فن‌آوری هستند که بر افزایش بازده کل بازار و با برطرف‌کردن موانع انتقال و در نتیجه تجاری‌سازی فن‌آوری تمرکز دارند. تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی و رتبه‌بندی مؤلفه‌های سیاست های حمایتی قانونی-حقوقی‌ از حقوق مالکیت صنعتی با محوریت توسعه کارآفرینی‌ صورت گرفته است. تحقیق حاضر از لحاظ هدف کاربردی، و از بعد روش شناسی از نوع تحقیقات پیمایشی- توصیفی است. جامعه آماری تحقیق حاضر، کارآفرینان شرکت های دانش‌بنیان شهر تهران می باشد و با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی، 100 نفر به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شده است و دوره زمانی مربوط نیز، زمستان 1396 می باشد. جهت جمع آوری اطلاعات در مورد مبانی نظری، از روش کتابخانه ای و در مورد فرضیه های پژوهش از روش میدانی و برای آزمون فرضیه های تحقیق از پرسش نامه محقق ساخته و مصاحبه، استفاده شده است. جهت آزمون فرضیه نیز از t تک نمونه ای و آزمون فریدمن بهره گرفته شد و نتایج نشان داد که از بین 20 مؤلفه سیاست حمایتی، مؤلفه‌های حقوق جبران خسارت مخترعان و مؤلفان، سهولت، شفافیت، کاهش هزینه‌ها و سرعت فرایندهای ثبت و اخذمجوز، و حق ثبت علائم تجاری و اسامی تجاری، حمایت از حق ثبت انحصاری اختراعات، ایجاد نظام ثبت، استعلام و گزارش تخلف آنلاین و حمایت از حق کپی‌رایت بیشترین میانگین را به خود اختصاص داده‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study and ranking the Indexes of Legal-Rightprotection policies of industrial property rights with a focus on entrepreneurship development. (Case study: Entrepreneurs of Tehran city)

نویسندگان [English]

  • emeliya ghorbani siavoshani 1
  • Ali Davari 2
  • Mehdi Faghihi 3
  • Hessam Zand Hessami 4
  • Amir Houshang Fathizadeh 5
1 PhD.student in Entrepreneurship, Department of Entrepreneurship,Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin,Iran
2 Assistant Professor in Entrepreneurship, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor in Islamic Parliament Research Center of The Islamic Republic Of IRAN
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Entrepreneurship, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
5 Assistant Professor in Institute for Trade Studies and Research, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to Study and ranking the Indexes of Legal-Right protection policies of industrial property rights with a focus on entrepreneurship development. The method of this study was survey and the questionnaire was used. A sample of 100 entrepreneurs was selected by the convenience sampling method. The results showed that among the 20 supporting components or policy, the components of the rights to compensate inventors and authors, the ease, transparency, cost reduction and speed of registration and licensing processes, and the right to file trademarks and trade names, the protection of patent patents, Establishing a system for registering, inquiring and reporting online violations and protecting copyright has the highest average. Also important are the components of support rightswere inventors, authors, ease, transparency, cost reduction and speed of registration and licensing processes and trademark rights, trade names, copyright protection (copyright), protection of trademark rights or trademark rights. By its owner, the protection of patents, the protection, acceleration and updating of physical property registration, types of assets, ease of access to loans for the reproduction of products produced, the creation of online counseling services and the ease of prosecution of offenders and robbers, and the transparency and speed of registration processes are the most important Supportive Policy Components of Protecting Industrial Property.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Intellectual Property
  • Industrial Property
  • Institutional-Legal Law
  • Knowledge-Based Companies

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