شناسایی و اولویت بندی مؤلفه های ارتقای بهره وری توانایی های تحقیق و توسعه در صنایع نیروگاهی و تأمین انرژی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مدیریت تکنولوژی، واحد علوم وتحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیارگروه مدیریت صنعتی، واحدکرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،کرج، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

10.30495/qjopm.2020.1876011.2582

چکیده

واحدهای تحقیق و توسعه، هسته اولیه فعالیت‌های تحقیقاتی در بخش صنعت هستند. امروزه خلق فرآیندهایی که منجر به ارائه محصولات و خدمات جدید می‌شوند، منبع اصلی ایجاد مزیت رقابتی شناخته می‌شود. هدف نهایی واحدهای تحقیق و توسعه، تسهیل در تولید محصولات جدید از طریق ایجاد دانش و فرآیند و ارتقاء توانایی­های تحقیق و توسعه است. لذا هدف این پژوهش، شناسایی و اولویت بندی مؤلفه­های ارتقاء بهره­وری توانایی­های تحقیق و توسعه در صنایع نیروگاهی و تأمین انرژی است. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و جهت اولویت­بندی مؤلفه­های ارتقاء توانایی­های تحقیق و توسعه از فرایند تحلیل شبکه­ای استفاده شده است. مدل نهایی پژوهش با 45 شاخص در 8 عامل تایید شده است. یافته­های پژوهش حاکی از آن است که در میان کلیه مؤلفه­ها، مؤلفه توانایی منابع انسانی در اولویت اول اهمیت و مؤلفه­های توانایی­های تأمین مالی و تأمین زیرساخت­های تکنولوژیک در اولویت­های بعدی اهمیت در ارتقاء بهره­وری توانایی­های تحقیق و توسعه قرار دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and Prioritizing the Components of Research and Development Productivity Enhancement in Power and Energy Industries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Asghari 1
  • Abbas Khamseh 2
  • nazanin pilevari 3
1 PhD candidate, Department of Technology Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Management, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department Of Industrial Management, Tehran West Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, Research and Development (R&D) units are the core of research activities in the industry sector and designing processes leading to new products and services is acknowledged as the major source of competitive advantage. The ultimate goal in R&D units is to facilitate the production of new products through increasing knowledge, creating processes and enhancing R&D capabilities. Hence, the purpose of this study was to identify and prioritize the components of R&D productivity enhancementin the power plants and energy supply in line with optimal policy making. The collected research data were analyzed via confirmatory factor analysis and the components of R&D capabilities were prioritized via Structural Equations using SMART PLS3 software. The analytic network process was also used to prioritize the components of upgrading R&D capabilities. The content validity of the final research model comprising 8 factors and 50 indices was confirmed. After processing the model, 5 indices were removed and the final model with 45 indices was confirmed. The results showed that paying attention to all 8 components and their indicators is important and influential in the R&D capabilities of these industries. The findings indicated that of all components, the human resource capability, financing capabilities, and technological infrastructure supply were respectively of prime importance in upgrading R&D capabilities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Research & development Abilities
  • Power plant industries
  • Productivity
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