الگوی ساختاری رابطه سرپرستی سوء استفاده‌گرانه، گرانباری نقش، فرسودگی و بیگانگی شغلی

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی خوراسگان، اصفهان، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی خوراسگان،اصفهان،ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی مدل ساختاری بین رهبری سوء استفاده‌گرانه، گرانباری نقش، فرسودگی و بیگانگی شغلی به مرحله اجرا درآمد. برای بررسی این مدل، از کارکنان مرد یک کارخانه، 168 نفر به شیوه نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای مورد استفاده پرسشنامه فرسودگی هیجانی (مسلش و جکسون،1981)، پرسشنامه رهبری سوء استفاده‌گرانه        (تپر،2000)، پرسشنامه گرانباری نقش (راد و همکاران،2008) و پرسشنامه بیگانگی شغلی (کورمن و همکاران ،1981) بودند. داده‌های حاصل از پرسشنامه‌های پژوهش با استفاده از مدل‌سازی معادله ساختاری(SEM) مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. بر اساس مدل ساختاری بدست آمده، طی یک سلسله روابط چندسطحی رهبری سوء استفاده‌گرانه با گرانباری نقش، سپس گرانباری نقش با فرسودگی هیجانی و در پایان فرسودگی هیجانی با بیگانگی شغلی دارای رابطه معنادار (01/0P<) هستند. یک رابطه مستقیم نیز در مدل‌ نهایی بین رهبری سوء استفاده‌گرانه با بیگانگی شغلی بدست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structural Model of Abusive Supervision, Role Overload, Exhaustion and Job Alienation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Golparvar 1
  • Zahra Vaseghi 2
  • Zahra Javadian 3
1 Associate Professor of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Isfahan University (Khorasgan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Master of Science in Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Master of Science in Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was conducted with the aim of studying the structural model of relationships between abusive supervision, role overload, exhaustion and job alienation. For investigating this model, from among male employees of a factory, 168 persons were selected by using simple random sampling method. The instruments which were used in this research consisted of emotional exhaustion questionnaire (Maslach & Jackson, 1981), abusive supervision questionnaire (Tepper, 2000), work overload questionnaire (Rod et al, 2008), and job alienation questionnaire (Korman et al, 1981). The data were analyzed by using structure equation modeling. (SEM) . On the basis of the structural model obtained from multilevel sequential relationships, there is a significant relation between abusive supervision, and work overload, between work overload and emotional exhaustion, and finally between emotional exhaustion and job alienation (P<0.01). A direct relation was also found in the final model between abusive supervision and work alienation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Job alienation
  • Abusive supervision
  • Role overload
  • Emotional Exhaustion
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