بررسی تأثیر رهبری آینده‌نگر بر اثربخشی سازمانی: نقش میانجی رفتار شهروندی سازمانی

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مدیریت، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 استادیار گروه پیشگیری انتظامی، دانشکده علوم و فنون انتظامی، دانشگاه علوم انتظامی امین، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت بازرگانی دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

در دنیای متغیر و متلاطم امروزی جهت دستیابی به اثربخشی سازمانی، سبک‌های زیادی برای رهبری سازمان‌ها مطرح شده‌اند که تمامی آنها در سبکی به نام رهبری آینده‌نگر خلاصه شده‌اند که با تأکید بر چشم‌اندازها و فلسفهءوجودی سازمان اثربخشی سازمانی را بهبود می‌بخشد. البته فقط رهبری مناسب کافی نیست و به رفتارهای فرانقشی کارکنان نیاز است تا سازمان به اثربخشی شایسته دست یابد. هدف مقاله حاضر شناسایی تأثیر رهبری آینده‌نگر بر اثربخشی سازمانی با نقش میانجی رفتار شهروندی سازمانی است. این پژوهش ازنظر هدف کاربردی و ازلحاظ ماهیت توصیفی-پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کارمندان سازمان جهاد کشاورزی استان گیلان به تعداد 385 نفر و نمونهء آماری پژوهش شامل 192نفر از این کارکنان است که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران محاسبه شده است. روش نمونه‌گیری نیز تصادفی ساده و بر اساس جدول اعداد تصادفی بوده است. در پژوهش حاضر، هم از مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای و هم از مطالعات میدانی برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها و تحقق هدف پژوهش استفاده شد. داده‌ها از طریق پرسشنامه جمع‌آوری شد و به‌وسیله ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS 25 و LISREL 8.8 مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که رهبری آینده‌نگر دارای اثر مثبت و معنی‌دار بر اثربخشی سازمانی و رفتار شهروندی سازمانی است. رفتار شهروندی سازمانی نیز دارای تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌دار بر اثربخشی سازمانی است. اثر غیرمستقیم رهبری آینده‌نگر بر اثربخشی سازمانی با میانجیگری رفتار شهروندی سازمانی نیز مورد تأیید قرار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Vision Leadership on Organizational Effectiveness: The Mediating Role of Organizational Citizenship Behavior

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hani Nikookar 1
  • Parviz Ahi 2
  • Mohsen Akbari 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Disciplinary Prevention, Faculty of Law Enforcement Sciences and Technologies, Amin University of Law Enforcement Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

What can facilitate achievement of organizational effectiveness in today's dynamic and turbulent world is an array of organizational leadership styles all of which might be subsumed under the umbrella term of vision leadership which can enhance organizational effectiveness by underscoring the very nature of the organization and its perspectives. In addition to efficient leadership, however, the employees’ meta-functional behaviors are crucial for attaining optimal organizational effectiveness.  The purpose of this applied and descriptive survey was, thus, to explore the extent to which vision leadership might impact organizational effectiveness with a focus on the mediating role of organizational citizenship behavior. The research sample comprised 192 employees at Guilan Agricultural Jihad Organization that was randomly recruited from a population of 385 based on Kukran formula. The research data were collected through a researcher-made and piloted questionnaire that was developed in the initial library research phase of the study to be employed in the subsequent field investigation to obtain the quantitative data necessary to answer the research questions. The collected data were analyzed via Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using SPSS 25 and LISREL 8.8 software. The findings indicated that vision leadership could significantly promote organizational effectiveness and organizational citizenship behavior, and that organizational citizenship behavior had a significant positive impact on organizational effectiveness. That is to say, organizational citizenship behavior was found to mediate the effect of vision leadership on organizational effectiveness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organizational Effectiveness
  • Organizational Citizenship Behavior
  • Vision Leadership
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